Science Introduction

Our science structure addresses the key components of the Earth system through the themes climate, environment, and humans.

These themes define PAGES' scientific scope and reflect the holistic Earth system science approach that is becoming increasingly integrated within PAGES. This structure was developed through an open process, including discussion at PAGES' Open Science Meeting in 2013, and through extensive consultation with the community.

Through this revised science structure PAGES aims to provide targeted paleoscience results for sustainability research while at the same time retaining its recognized expertise in integrative paleoscience research.

represents quantitative climate system dynamics from a paleo-perspective.

Environment: addresses components of the biosphere that interact with each other and climate and may introduce feedbacks into the Earth system.

Humans: covers long-term environmental changes where humans are a major agent and where environmental changes have a demonstrable effect on the functioning of both ecosystem services and societies.

Integrative activities: the center of the triangle holds cross-topical integrative activities, particularly suited to collaboration with our parent organization, Future Earth, and our scientific partner, WCRP. At present, four integrative activities have been identified: Data stewardship, Warmer worlds, Thresholds, and Extreme events.


PAGES' science structure is implemented through the following initiatives:

ScienceStructureJan2021 SSH PAGES Working Groups
Temporary groups that bring scientists together from around the globe to target specific aspects of PAGES' science.

Working groups (currently active or in synthesis stage) as well as the integrative activities are mapped on to the science structure opposite. Learn more about each group by clicking on its title.

The past global change community will be continuously encouraged to propose new working groups, particularly in areas where our science structure is under-populated.

Integrative activities
Cross-topical research areas that have the potential to provide transformative advances in approaches to paleoscience with actionable results relevant to broader impacts.

Endorsed and affiliated groups
Externally managed groups whose aims directly correlate with our scientific agenda.